Global environmental change is the biggest challenge of our time. From intensive farming to deforestation and urbanization, and from global population growth to the resource overexploitation, climate change and natural disasters, humans are changing the face of the planet while disturbing the fragile balance across the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Your mission is to think of a sustainable solution for a sustainable way of living and build an application using EO data and services to serve that idea.
You may think of any solution, either it refers to urban and rural areas, or the aquatic and atmospheric environment. You need to emphasise and take advantage of the Copernicus data and/or services and through the guidance of our coaches to develop a prototype. The use of Copernicus data and/or services is necessary in order to fulfill the main objective of the event.
Use EO-based geo-information products and services to support agricultural monitoring and management tasks. Indicative applications/services could use EO to deliver information about :
1. Large-scale crop area and type estimate (i.e. crop cover mapping and status assessment)
2. Irrigation and irrigation systems management (i.e. energy balance, water productivity and water stress)
3. Agriculture productivity assessment (i.e. yield estimation, ground water, drought projections, precipitation monitoring)
4. Land Degradation Assessment (i.e. land use, rainfall, soil moisture, precipitation, fAPAR, NDVI indicators)
5. Ecosystem services assessment (i.e. water quality assessement, nitrogen content, land surface properties)
6. Environmental Impact Assessment (i.e. landscape level classification and change mapping including fragmentation, and agriculture commodities production impact on deforestation)
Use EO and other data to solve societal problems such as disasters, health and climate change by measuring/estimating parameters that influence the health and well-being of all earth creatures. Indicative examples could use EO to deliver information about:
1. Natural and human induced disasters (i.e. wildland fires, volcanoes, landslides, floods, tsunamis, ice hazards, extreme weather, pollution events).
2. Environmental factors influencing human health (i.e. water quality, air quality, UV-B, hot and cold weather).
3. Understanding, predicting, mitigating and adapting to climate variability and change by using climate system variables (i.e. temperature, moisture, winds, gas composition etc) in the atmosphere and oceans, on land and ice.
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Example solutions could involve specific domains such as (indicative):
1. River basin characterization and change monitoring (i.e. hydrological network mapping, long-term climate change analysis)
2. Improving water resource management through better understanding of the water cycle (i.e. precipitation, soil moisture, lake and reservoir levels, snow cover, groundwater, water use).
3. Water supply and sanitation (i.e. monitoring of water quality, extent and level of lakes and rivers to support management for agricultural, industrial and urban water use)
4. Hydrological management (i.e. modeling and forecasts of runoff, river discharge and groundwater abstraction)
5. Water productivity (i.e. mapping of biomass production, evapotranspiration and crop type)
6. Risk management of natural hydrological hazards (i.e. mapping and forecasting of flooding, drought, landslides)
7. Industrial activity assessment (i.e. monitoring of freshwater fisheries, aquaculture, hydropower and mining)
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. Example solutions could involve specific domains such as (indicative):
1. Resource assessment for renewable energy (i.e. irradiation, cloud cover, wind velocity, wind direction)
2. Improving management of energy resources (i.e. weather-related variations in energy demand and supply, renewable resources, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions).
3. Mining and fossil fuels extraction (i.e. geological mapping, optimal planning and monitoring, impact of mining through land use change and soil quality)
4. Pipeline monitoring (i.e. detect stress and leaks, route planning, ground motion monitoring)